Brother and Sister
文章來源: 文章作者: 發布時間:2007-05-04 03:29 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
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BROTHER1 took sister2 by the hand and said: "Look here; we haven1't had one single happy hour since our mother died. That stepmother3 of ours beats us regularly every day,4 and if we dare go near her she kicks us away. We never get anything but hard dry crusts to eat -- why, the dog under the table is better off than we are. She does throw him a good morsel2 or two now and then. Oh dear! if our own dear mother5 only knew all about it! Come along, and let us go forth3 into the wide world together."6

So off they started through fields and meadows,7 over hedges and ditches, and walked the whole day long, and when it rained sister said:

"Heaven and our hearts are weeping together."

Towards evening they came to a large forest,8 and were so tired out with hunger and their long walk, as well as all their trouble, that they crept into a hollow tree and soon fell fast asleep.

Next morning, when they woke up, the sun was already high in the heavens and was shining down bright and warm into the tree. Then said brother:

"I'm so thirsty,9 sister; if I did but know where to find a little stream, I'd go and have a drink. I do believe I hear one." He jumped up, took sister by the hand, and they set off to hunt for the brook4.

Now their cruel stepmother was in reality a witch,10 and she knew perfectly5 well that the two children had run away. She had crept secretly after them, and had cast her spells over all the streams in the forest.11

Presently the children found a little brook dancing and glittering over the stones, and brother was eager to drink of it, but as it rushed past sister heard it murmuring:12

"Who drinks of me will be a tiger!"13 who drinks of me will bea tiger!"14

So she cried out, "Oh! dear brother, pray don't drink, or you'll be turned into a wild beast and tear me to pieces."

Brother was dreadfully thirsty, but he did not drink.

"Very well," said he, "I'll wait till we come to the next spring."

When they came to the second brook, sister heard it repeating too:

"Who drinks of me will be a wolf! I who drinks of me will be a wolf!"15

And she cried, "Oh! brother, pray don't drink here either, or you'll be turned into a wolf and eat me up."16

Again brother did not drink, but he said:

"Well, I'll wait a little longer till we reach the next stream, but then, whatever you may say, I really must drink, for I can bear this thirst no longer."

And when they got to the third17 brook, sister heard it say as it rushed past:

"Who drinks of me will be a roe7! who drinks of me will be a roe!"18

And she begged, "Ah! brother, don't drink yet, or you'll become a roe and run away from me."19

But her brother was already kneeling by the brook and bending over it to drink, and, sure enough, no sooner had his lips touched the water than he fell on the grass transformed into a little Roebuck.20

Sister cried bitterly over her poor bewitched brother, and the little Roe wept too, and sat sadly by her side. At last the girl said:

"Never mind, dear little fawn9,21 I will never forsake10 you,"22 and she took off her golden garter23 and tied it round the Roe's neck.

Then she pluckedrushes and plaited a soft cord of them,24 which she fastened to the collar.25 When she had done this she led the Roe farther and farther, right into the depths of the forest.

After they had gone a long, long way they came to a little house,26 and when the girl looked into it she found it was quite empty, and she thought. "Perhaps we might stay and live here."

So she hunted up leaves and moss11 to make a soft bed for the little Roe, and every morning and evening she went out and gathered roots, nuts, and berries for herself, and tender young grass for the fawn. And he fed from her hand, and played round her and seemed quite happy. In the evening, when sister was tired, she said her prayers and then laid her head on the fawn's back and fell sound asleep with it as a pillow. And if brother had but kept his natural form, really it would have been a most delightful12 kind of life.27

They had been living for some time in the forest in this way, when it came to pass that the King28 of that country had a great hunt through the woods.29 Then the whole forest rang with such a blowing of horns, baying of dogs, and joyful13 cries of huntsmen, that the little Roe heard it and longed to join in too.30

"Ah!" said he to sister, "do let me go off to the hunt! I can't keep still any longer."

And he begged and prayed till at last she consented.

"But," said she, "mind you come back in the evening. I shall lock my door fast for fear of those wild huntsmen; so, to make sure of my knowing you, knock at the door and say, 'My sister dear, open; I'm here.' If you don't speak I shan't open the door."

So off sprang the little Roe, and he felt quite well and happy in the free open air.

The King and his huntsmen soon saw the beautiful creature and started in pursuit, but they could not come up with it, and whenever they thought they were sure to catch it, it bounded off to one side into the bushes and disappeared. When night came on it ran home, and knocking at the door of the little house cried:

"My sister dear, open; I'm here." The door opened, and he ran in and rested all night on his soft mossy bed.

Next morning the hunt began again, and as soon as the little Roe heard the horns and the "Ho! ho!" of the huntsmen, he could not rest another moment, and said:

"Sister, open the door, I must get out."

So sister opened the door and said, "Now mind and get back by nightfall, and say your little rhyme."

As soon as the King and his huntsmen saw the Roe with the golden collar they all rode off after it, but it was far too quick and nimble for them. This went on all day, but as evening came on the huntsmen had gradually encircled the Roe, and one of them wounded it slightly in the foot, so that it limped and ran off slowly.

Then the huntsman stole after it as far as the little house, and heard it call out, "My sister dear, open; I'm here," and he saw the door open and close immediately after the fawn had run in.

The huntsman remembered all this carefully, and went off straight to the King and told him all he had seen and heard.

"To-morrow we will hunt again," said the King.

Poor sister was terribly frightened when she saw how her little Fawn had been wounded. She washed off the blood, bound up the injured foot with herbs, and said: "Now, dear, go and lie down and rest, so that your wound may heal."

The wound was really so slight that it was quite well next day, and the little Roe did not feel it at all. No sooner did it hear the sounds of hunting in the forest than it cried:

"I can't stand this, I must be there too; I'll take care they shan't catch me."

Sister began to cry, and said, "They are certain to kill you, and then I shall be left all alone in the forest and forsaken15 by everyone. I can't and won't let you out."

"Then I shall die of grief," replied the Roe, "for when I hear that horn I feel as if I must jump right out of my skin."

So at last, when sister found there was nothing else to be done, she opened the door with a heavy heart, and the Roe darted16 forth full of glee and health into the forest.

As soon as the King saw the Roe, he said to his huntsman, "Now then, give chase to it all day till evening, but mind and be careful not to hurt it."

When the sun had set the King said to his huntsman, "Now come and show me the little house in the wood."

And when he got to the house he knocked at the door and said, "My sister dear, open; I'm here." Then the door opened and the King walked in, and there stood the loveliest maiden17 he had ever seen.31

The girl was much startled32 when instead of the little Roe she expected she saw a man with a gold crown on his head walk in. But the King looked kindly18 at her, held out his hand, and said, "Will you come with me to my castle and be my dear wife?"33

"Oh yes!" replied the maiden, "but you must let my Roe come too. I could not possibly forsake it."34

"It shall stay with you as long as you live, and shall want for nothing," the King promised.

In the meantime the Roe came bounding in, and sister tied the rush cord once more to its collar, took the end in her hand, and so they left the little house in the forest together.

The King lifted the lonely maiden on to his horse, and led her to his castle, where the wedding was celebrated19 with the greatest splendour. The Roe was petted and caressed20, and ran about at will in the palace gardens.

Now all this time the wicked stepmother, who had been the cause of these poor children's misfortunes and trying adventures, was feeling fully6 persuaded that sister had been torn to pieces by wild beasts, and brother shot to death in the shape of a Roe. When she heard how happy and prosperous they were, her heart was filled with envy and hatred21,35 and she could think of nothing but how to bring some fresh misfortune on them. Her own daughter,36 who was as hideous22 as night and had only one eye,37 reproached her by saying, "It is I who ought to have had this good luck and been Queen."

"Be quiet, will you," said the old woman; "when the time comes I shall be at hand."

Now after some time it happened one day when the King was out hunting that the Queen gave birth to a beautiful little boy.38 The old witch thought here was a good chance for her; so she took the form of the lady in waiting,39 and, hurrying into the room where the Queen lay in her bed, called out, "The bath is quite ready; it will help to make you strong again. Come, let us be quick, for fear the water should get cold." Her daughter was at hand, too, and between them they carried the Queen, who was still very weak, into the bath-room and laid her in the bath;40 then they locked the door and ran away.

They took care beforehand to make a blazing hot fire under the bath, so that the lovely young Queen might be suffocated23.41

As soon as they were sure this was the case, the old witch tied a cap on her daughter's head and laid her in the Queen's bed. She managed, too, to make her figure and general appearance look like the Queen's, but even her power could not restore the eye she had lost; so she made her lie on the side of the missing eye, in order to prevent the King's noticing anything.

In the evening, when the King came home and heard the news of his son's birth, he was full of delight, and insisted on going at once to his dear wife's bedside to see how she was getting on. But the old witch cried out, "Take care and keep the curtains drawn24; don't let the light get into the Queen's eyes; she must be kept perfectly quiet." So the King went away and never knew that it was a false Queen42 who lay in the bed.

When midnight43 came and everyone in the palace was sound asleep, the nurse who alone watched by the baby's cradle in the nursery saw the door open gently, and who should come in but the real Queen.44 She lifted the child from its cradle, laid it on her arm, and nursed it for some time.45 Then she carefully shook up the pillows of the little bed, laid the baby down and tucked the coverlet in all round him. She did not forget the little Roe46 either, but went to the corner where it lay, and gently stroked its back. Then she silently left the room, and next morning when the nurse asked the sentries47 if they had seen any one go into the castle that night, they all said, "No, we saw no one at all."

For many nights the Queen came in the same way, but she never spoke25 a word, and the nurse was too frightened to say anything about her visits.

After some little time had elapsed the Queen spoke one night, and said:

"Is my child well? Is my Roe well?
I'll come back twice and then farewell."48

The nurse made no answer, but as soon as the Queen had disappeared she went to the King and told him all. The King exclaimed, "Good heavens! what do you say? I will watch myself to-night by the child's bed."

When the evening came he went to the nursery, and at midnight the Queen appeared and said:

"Is my child well? Is my Roe well?
I'll come back once and then farewell."

And she nursed and petted the child as usual before she disappeared. The King dared not trust himself to speak to her, but the following night he kept watch again.

That night when the Queen came she said:

"Is my child well? Is my Roe well?
I've come back once and then farewell."

Then the King could restrain himself no longer, but sprang to her side and cried, "You can be no one but my dear wife!"

"Yes," said she, "I am your dear wife!"49 and in the same moment she was restored to life, and was as fresh and well and rosy26 as ever.50 Then she told the King all the cruel things the wicked witch and her daughter had done. The King had them both arrested at once and brought to trial, and they were condemned27 to death. The daughter was led into the forest, where the wild beasts tore her to pieces,51 and the old witch was burnt at the stake.52

As soon as she reduced to ashes the spell was taken off the little Roe, and he was restored to his natural shape once more,53 and so brother and sister lived happily ever after.54

1.  Brother:  At times, this tale has been confused with a more famous brother and sister tale, Hansel and Gretel. Hansel and Gretel has been known as Little Brother and Little Sister which is also an alternate title for this tale. The Grimms selected Hansel and Gretel for the tale by that name and kept the Brother and Sister title for this tale. Some publications of the Hansel and Gretel tale still use the Little Brother and Little Sister title, causing confusion for readers.

According to Bruno Bettelheim, the brother "represents the endangered aspect of an essentially28 inseparable unity29" (Bettelheim 1975, 79).
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2.  Sister:  The sister is the protagonist30 of this tale. Similar to the sister in Six Swans, this sister endures the enchantment31 of her sibling32, marries, and continues to be the target of a malicious33 stepmother.

While there are many tales in which a brother and sister work well together, such as this one and Hansel and Gretel, there are few tales in which two sisters or two brothers work closely together. Siblings34 of the same gender35 are often rivals. One exception is the tale of Snow White and Rose Red. There are also many tales in which the sister has several brothers whom she strives to rescue from an enchantment, such as Six Swans.

According to Bruno Bettelheim, the sister as a "symbol of motherly care once one has become alienated36 from home, is the rescuer" (Bettelheim 1975, 79).
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3.  Stepmother:  The image of the evil stepmother occurs frequently in fairy tales. She is associated with jealousy37 and cruelty (Olderr 1986). "In masculine psychology38, the stepmother is a symbol of the unconscious in a destructive role" (von Franz 1970). The stepmother figure is actually two sided, in that while she has destructive intentions, her actions often lead the protagonist into situations that identify and strengthen his or her best qualities.

In the most common Russian variant39 of this tale, Sister Alionushka, Brother Ivanushka (also known as Alenoushka and Her Brother), the siblings are orphans40 with no parents. They are forced to fend41 for themselves since no one else is available to care for them. In the Russian version by Afanasyev, the children are identified as a prince and princess.
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4.  Beats us regularly every day: This is probably not an exaggeration. Physical abuse was not uncommon42 in times past and was more acceptable, or at least more tolerated , than it is today.
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5.  Our own dear mother: In her commentary on the mother and stepmother roles in the Grimms' tales, Maria Tatar writes: "Although the evil mother or stepmother is very much alive in the fairy tale, the good mother--protecting, loving and nurturing--is always dead. Yet she does not abandon her child completely, for she inevitably43 returns in the shape of benevolent44 natural powers" (Tatar 1987, 73).
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6.  Let us go forth into the wide world together: This is a stark45 contrast from Hansel and Gretel. Hansel and Gretel are purposely lost in the forest by their parents. This brother and sister purposely leave to escape the abuse and poverty in their home. The implication is that these siblings are much older than Hansel and Gretel and capable of taking care of themselves.
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7.  They started through fields and meadows: In a Russian variant of this tale, Alenoushka and Her Brother, the brother and sister walk across a dry plain with the grass burned by the sun and sandy terrain46. There they encounter the strange enchantment of the water when they are riddled47 with thirst. The enchantment does not happen in a forest as it does here.
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8.  A large forest: The forest is a recurrent image in German fairy tales, in part because over a quarter of the country is comprised of forest land. In the Grimms' tales, the forest is a supernatural world, a place where anything can happen and often does.

According to Jungian psychology, the forest is a representation of the feminine principle and is identified with the unconscious. The foliage48 blocks the sun's rays, the sun being associated with the male principle. The forest symbolizes50 the dangerous side of the unconscious, its ability to destroy reason (Cirlot 1962) and (Matthews 1986).
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9.  I'm so thirsty: According to Bruno Bettelheim, as well as many other psychological critics, the brother's thirst represents his "instinctual pressures" which we all must learn to control (Bettelheim 1975, 80).
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10.  A witch: A witch and stepmother are the two villains52 in Hansel and Gretel. Many critics believe the two characters in that tale to be the same villain51, both destroyed at the same time. This tale blatantly53 makes the stepmother the evil witch who persecutes54 the children. There is no differentiation55 between the stepmother and the witch. Another tale in which a stepmother witch persecutes her stepchildren is The Six Swans.

Belief in witches exists in nearly every culture worldwide (Leach 1949). In Jungian psychology, the witch is a personification of evil which eventually consumes itself. The witch symbolizes the destructive power of the unconscious (Luthi 1976).
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11.  Cast her spells over all the streams in the forest: In some Russian variants56 of the tale, such as Afanasyev's Sister Alionushka, Brother Ivanushkam and Ransome's Alenoushka and Her Brother, no spell is described as being cast. In Sister Alionushka, Brother Ivanushkam, the siblings encounter bodies of water which are the watering places of various animals, each time the type of animal the brother will become if he drinks at the same place as the animals. In Alenoushka and Her Brother, the siblings encounter hoofmarks of various animals filled with sitting water. The brother is warned he will turn into the shape of whichever animal's hoofmark he drinks from. The implication of these variations tends to support Bettelheim's theories of the tale being about controling our animal instincts.
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12.  Heard it murmuring: In Bettelheim's analysis, "the sister, representing ego57 and superego [the higher mental functions], recognizes the danger of seeking immediate14 satisfaction and persuades the brother to resist his thirst" (Bettelheim 1975, 80). Other analysts58 interpret the murmuring as being protection from the dead mother that the sister is able to hear, perhaps due to her maturity59 and/or gender.
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13.  Who drinks of me will be a tiger!: The brother is "ready to permit himself to be carried away by his wish for immediate gratification (of his thirst), no matter what the cost of doing so. But should the brother give into the pressure of the id, he would become asocial, as violent as a tiger" (Bettelheim 1975, 80). If he turns into a tiger, he will destroy both himself and his sister since he would tear her to pieces in such a form.

In the Russian variants, the animals gradually reduce in size, but none of them are a physical threat to the sister. In one version, the first animal transformation60 threatens to be a horse.
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14.  A tiger: A tiger can symbolize49 "wrath61, cruelty, bloodthirstiness, ferocity, courage, brutality62, jealousy, violent desires, and treachery" (Olderr 1986).
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15.  A wolf: A tiger can symbolize "rapacity63, rapine, hunger, hypocrisy64, lust65, cruelty, fraud, deceit, cunning, corruption66, darkness, untamed nature, avarice67, greed, and the lesser68 instincts taking control of more human instincts" (Olderr 1986).

Note that a wolf, while a dangerous animal, is still smaller than the preceding tiger. The wolf has become a popular image in fairy tales thanks to Little Red Riding Hood69 and The Tale of the Three Little Pigs. The wolf is a common predator70 in the forest and thus is a natural choice for the story. The wolf is often a metaphor71 for a sexually predatory man.
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16. You'll be turned into a wolf and eat me up: The brother is still at risk of transforming into a dangerous beast if he obeys his thirst and drinks the water.
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17.  Third: The number and/or pattern of three often appears in fairy tales to provide rhythm and suspense72. The pattern adds drama and suspense while making the story easy to remember and follow. The third event often signals a change and/or ending for the listener/reader.

The reasons and theories behind three's popularity are numerous and diverse. The number has been considered powerful across history in different cultures and religions, but not all of them. Christians73 have the Trinity, the Chinese have the Great Triad (man, heaven, earth), and the Buddhists74 have the Triple Jewel (Buddha, Dharma, Sanga). The Greeks had the Three Fates. Pythagoras considered three to be the perfect number because it represented everything: the beginning, middle, and end. Some cultures have different powerful numbers, often favoring seven, four and twelve.
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18.  A roe: A roe deer is "a small European and Asiatic deer having erect75, cylindrical76, branched antlers, forked at the summit. This, the smallest European deer, is very nimble and graceful77. It always prefers a mountainous country, or high grounds" (Webster's 1990).

In some of the Russian variants, the brother is transformed into a lamb and a kid (baby goat). All of these are playful, relatively78 benign79 animals, like the deer. In an Italian tale, The Stepmother, the brother becomes a calf80 with golden horns.
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19.  Run away from me: Note that if the brother drinks here, he will become a "much tamer animal. So much does delay--a partial obedience81 to the restraining aspects of our mental apparatus--achieve. But as the pressure of id (brother's thirst) increases, it overpowers the restraints of ego and superego: the sister's admonitions lose the power to control" (Bettelheim 1975, 80).

Bettelheim also notes: "Even a limited degree of control achieves a high measure of humanization, as the reducation of animal ferocity from tiger to wolf to deer symbolizes" (Bettelheim 1975, 80).

The brother will be hard to control as a deer, but he will not pose a physical threat to his sister in his beastly form.
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20.  Roebuck: A roebuck is a male roe deer (Webster's 1990).
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21.  Dear little fawn: A fawn is "a young deer; a buck8 or doe of the first year" (Webster's 1990). The animal's youth represents the brother's own youth and immaturity82.
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22.  I will never forsake you: Jack83 Zipes theorizes that tales like this one and The Six Swans were important to the Grimms for their messages about family fidelity84 through adversity and separation (Zipes 1988, 40).
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23.  Golden garter: A garter is "a band worn around the leg to hold up a stocking (or around the arm to hold up a sleeve)" (WordNet).
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24.  Rushes and plaited a soft cord of them: Rushes are "grasslike plants growing in wet places and having cylindrical often hollow stems" (WordNet). They are handy for creating ropes and baskets.
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25.  Fastened to the collar: The brother, in his transformed state, literally85 becomes the sister's pet. She, as the more responsible adult, becomes the keeper of the animal with lower instincts.
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26.  A little house: Many fairy tales include huts or little houses hidden in a forest for various reasons, such as in Hansel and Gretel, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs86, and Goldilocks and the Three Bears. The hut may be a place of danger or a safety zone for the heroine. This hut is a haven, not the place of danger found in Hansel and Gretel.
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27.  If brother had but kept his natural form, really it would have been a most delightful kind of life: Despite the quaint87 picture of domestic tranquility portrayed88 in this interlude, we know this is not the happy ending to the story since the brother has not been disenchanted. More change, and possibly adversity, is on the horizon. Note that the sister is the adult figure, parenting herself and her enchanted89 brother, by providing food and shelter. The brother simply plays and frolics all day.
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28.  King: In romantic fairy tales, the heroine's husband is usually royalty90, either a king or prince, at least a nobleman. In some variants, the sister is also of royal birth and must therefore marry at her same station.
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29.  A great hunt through the woods: In times past, hunting was a popular activity among the nobility, used for sport and necessity. The game was often used for food, but for trophies91 as well.
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30.  Little Roe heard it and longed to join in too: Bettelheim considers the Roe's experience to be his "ordeal92 which could become his initiation93 to a higher from of existence" (Bettelheim 1975, 81). I find his interpretation94 problematic. The Roe appears to be eager to put himself into more danger, underestimating his ability to flee danger, in fact flirting95 with it for the thrill of the chase. He forgets that as a deer, he is the prey96, not the predator.
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31.  The loveliest maiden he had ever seen: Hyperbole is frequently used to describe beauty in fairy tales. Each beautiful woman has "no equal" or is "the most beautiful" or similar. Beauty often represents goodness, worthiness97, privilege, and wealth in fairy tales. Princesses are especially expected to be beautiful. Physical beauty is often considered to represent inner beauty in folklore98, except for when it is a magical disguise.
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32.  The girl was much startled: This scene is reminiscent of Rapunzel's surprise when the prince, her future spouse99, enters her tower instead of the expected Mother Gothel.
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33.  Will you come with me to my castle and be my dear wife?: Note that marriage is not the ultimate goal of this tale as it is in many romantic fairy tales. The marriage comes before the end of the story. The tale is one of family unity. The brother and sister struggle to find happiness together as a family unit as adults.
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34.  You must let my Roe come too. I could not possibly forsake it: Bettelheim observes that "during most of the story the two do not part; they represent the animal and spiritual sides of our personality, which become separated but must be integrated for human happiness" (Bettelheim 1975, 146).
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35.  Her heart was filled with envy and hatred: The stepmother's animosity of reminiscent of the evil stepmother in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. Although the children are no longer a burden, their mere100 existence, and a happy one at that, is enough reason for her to plot their deaths.
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36.  Her own daughter: Fairy tales are filled with mothers--both witches and regular mothers--trying to marry off their daughters in favorable circumstances. They include the mother in Cinderella and the troll-hag in East of the Sun and West of the Moon.
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37.  Hideous as night and had only one eye: Physical ugliness and deformity (although a politically incorrect term by today's standards) has long been considered a sign of internal ugliness, sometimes in fairy tales. Just as beauty represents inner goodness, physical ugliness is used to stereotype101 inner ugliness, especially in the literature of previous centuries.
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38.  Queen gave birth to a beautiful little boy: The Queen's ability to give birth to a son is important not only to her husband, but to her kingdom. A first born son would be the crown prince and possibly averts102 disaster for a kingdom that relies on progeny103 to avoid strife104 in the royal lineage.
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39.  Lady in waiting: A lady in waiting is "a lady appointed to attend to a queen or princess" (WordNet). A lady in waiting was usually from the upper classes in a higher level of honorable servitude.
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40.  The bath: Water in various forms often plays a part in the young sister's death. In other variants, she is drowned by being thrown into a lake or river with a millstone about her neck. In the versions in which she is killed, water is usually involved in her cause of death.
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41.  Might be suffocated: Suffocation105 might occur from the fire's smoke under the bath. Suffocation is usually the cause of death by fire in enclosed rooms. However, this would not be a gentle death, essentially boiling the sister to death in her own bathwater.
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42.  A false Queen: False identities are common plot devices in literature and fairy tales. Another well-known tale with an imposter queen is The Goose Girl, also annotated106 on this site.

The false bride plot device "provides the dominant107 frame story of Basile's firecracker of a collection of fairy tales, Lo cunto de li cunti [also known as Il Pentamerone], in the seventeenth century. His group of female storytellers exchange many tales of substituted brides and false queens, and at the end actually unmask a similar wicked usurper108 prospering109 in their midst (Warner 1994, 127).
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43.  Midnight: Midnight marks the beginning of a new day and the end of power in the old day. Midnight also marks the beginning of the witching hour. Ghosts and other apparitions110 are thought to be most active in the night time.
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44.  The real Queen: Do not be confused here--the real Queen is dead, having been murdered by her stepmother and stepsister. Here she appears as a ghost, haunting the halls and drawn to her most precious baby and enchanted brother.
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45.  Nursed it for some time: Here we have a dead good mother trying to nurture111 her motherless child. The cycle of the tale is threatening to start again since this child is also cursed with a wicked stepmother. Since it is a baby, it is at greater risk than its own mother was. The natural mother is trying to show it love and protection in the only means left to her.
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46.  She did not forget the little Roe: The roe is just as important to the sister as her son, for she has essentially parented it, too. She is attempting to fulfill112 her responsibilities as a parent and sister to her family, even beyond the grave.
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47.  Sentries: A sentry113 is "a soldier placed on guard" (Webster's 1990).
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48.  Is my child well? Is my Roe well?/ I'll come back twice and then farewell: Note another pattern of three here. The ghostly queen only has three visits before she must assumably move onto another plain of existence. We know she must be rescued by the third night or she will disappear forever.
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49.  I am your dear wife!: Note that while wife has not apparently114 been as important a role to the sister as that of mother and sister, it is still important enough to bring her back from the dead. She recognizes and responds to this identity.
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50.  She was restored to life, and was as fresh and well and rosy as ever: Many translations often leave out the phrase "by the grace of God" in this sentence as was included in the Grimms' version and maintained by the more reliable translation offered by Jack Zipes (Zipes 1987, 46). Many translations imply that true love or her innate115 goodness restore the sister to life.
Return to place in story.


51.  The daughter was led into the forest, where the wild beasts tore her to pieces: The daughter is exiled--cast out into the wild forest--for her treasonous behavior, but she is not burned at the stake for witchcraft116 like her mother.
Return to place in story.


52.  Burnt at the stake: Burning occurs often in fairy tales. It is symbolic117 of purification (Matthews 1986). The witch being burnt can also represent evil destroying itself (Luthi 1976).

Gerhard Mueller, who has studied the criminological aspects of several tales, considers the death by fire to be suitable for the witch. In the Middle Ages, the charge of witchcraft was punished by fire. In other words, the witch's demise118 supports the due process of law in real life during the time of the tale (Mueller 1986).
Return to place in story.


53.  He was restored to his natural shape: In folklore, witch's spells are often deactivated119 by the witch's demise. Unlike the sister in Six Swans, this sister did not have to endure a described test to achieve her brother's disenchantment.

In Afanasyev's Russian variant of the tale, the brother is never disenchanted. He continues to live as a kid with his sister and her husband happily ever after, however. It is the most unsatisfying ending of all the variants.
Return to place in story.



點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 haven 8dhzp     
n.安全的地方,避難所,庇護所
參考例句:
  • It's a real haven at the end of a busy working day.忙碌了一整天后,這真是一個安樂窩。
  • The school library is a little haven of peace and quiet.學校的圖書館是一個和平且安靜的小避風港。
2 morsel Q14y4     
n.一口,一點點
參考例句:
  • He refused to touch a morsel of the food they had brought.他們拿來的東西他一口也不吃。
  • The patient has not had a morsel of food since the morning.從早上起病人一直沒有進食。
3 forth Hzdz2     
adv.向前;向外,往外
參考例句:
  • The wind moved the trees gently back and forth.風吹得樹輕輕地來回搖晃。
  • He gave forth a series of works in rapid succession.他很快連續發表了一系列的作品。
4 brook PSIyg     
n.小河,溪;v.忍受,容讓
參考例句:
  • In our room we could hear the murmur of a distant brook.在我們房間能聽到遠處小溪汩汩的流水聲。
  • The brook trickled through the valley.小溪涓涓流過峽谷。
5 perfectly 8Mzxb     
adv.完美地,無可非議地,徹底地
參考例句:
  • The witnesses were each perfectly certain of what they said.證人們個個對自己所說的話十分肯定。
  • Everything that we're doing is all perfectly above board.我們做的每件事情都是光明正大的。
6 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,徹底地;充分地
參考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.醫生讓我先吸氣,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他們很快就完全融入了當地人的圈子。
7 roe LCBzp     
n.魚卵;獐鹿
參考例句:
  • We will serve smoked cod's roe at the dinner.宴會上我們將上一道熏鱈魚子。
  • I'll scramble some eggs with roe?我用魚籽炒幾個雞蛋好嗎?
8 buck ESky8     
n.雄鹿,雄兔;v.馬離地跳躍
參考例句:
  • The boy bent curiously to the skeleton of the buck.這個男孩好奇地彎下身去看鹿的骸骨。
  • The female deer attracts the buck with high-pitched sounds.雌鹿以尖聲吸引雄鹿。
9 fawn NhpzW     
n.未滿周歲的小鹿;v.巴結,奉承
參考例句:
  • A fawn behind the tree looked at us curiously.樹后面一只小鹿好奇地看著我們。
  • He said you fawn on the manager in order to get a promotion.他說你為了獲得提拔,拍經理的馬屁。
10 forsake iiIx6     
vt.遺棄,拋棄;舍棄,放棄
參考例句:
  • She pleaded with her husband not to forsake her.她懇求丈夫不要拋棄她。
  • You must forsake your bad habits.你必須革除你的壞習慣。
11 moss X6QzA     
n.苔,蘚,地衣
參考例句:
  • Moss grows on a rock.苔蘚生在石頭上。
  • He was found asleep on a pillow of leaves and moss.有人看見他枕著樹葉和苔蘚睡著了。
12 delightful 6xzxT     
adj.令人高興的,使人快樂的
參考例句:
  • We had a delightful time by the seashore last Sunday.上星期天我們在海濱玩得真痛快。
  • Peter played a delightful melody on his flute.彼得用笛子吹奏了一支歡快的曲子。
13 joyful N3Fx0     
adj.歡樂的,令人歡欣的
參考例句:
  • She was joyful of her good result of the scientific experiments.她為自己的科學實驗取得好成果而高興。
  • They were singing and dancing to celebrate this joyful occasion.他們唱著、跳著慶祝這令人歡樂的時刻。
14 immediate aapxh     
adj.立即的;直接的,最接近的;緊靠的
參考例句:
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近鄰認為他們有責任去拜訪。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我們主張立即召開這個會議。
15 Forsaken Forsaken     
adj. 被遺忘的, 被拋棄的 動詞forsake的過去分詞
參考例句:
  • He was forsaken by his friends. 他被朋友們背棄了。
  • He has forsaken his wife and children. 他遺棄了他的妻子和孩子。
16 darted d83f9716cd75da6af48046d29f4dd248     
v.投擲,投射( dart的過去式和過去分詞 );向前沖,飛奔
參考例句:
  • The lizard darted out its tongue at the insect. 蜥蜴伸出舌頭去吃小昆蟲。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • The old man was displeased and darted an angry look at me. 老人不高興了,瞪了我一眼。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
17 maiden yRpz7     
n.少女,處女;adj.未婚的,純潔的,無經驗的
參考例句:
  • The prince fell in love with a fair young maiden.王子愛上了一位年輕美麗的少女。
  • The aircraft makes its maiden flight tomorrow.這架飛機明天首航。
18 kindly tpUzhQ     
adj.和藹的,溫和的,爽快的;adv.溫和地,親切地
參考例句:
  • Her neighbours spoke of her as kindly and hospitable.她的鄰居都說她和藹可親、熱情好客。
  • A shadow passed over the kindly face of the old woman.一道陰影掠過老太太慈祥的面孔。
19 celebrated iwLzpz     
adj.有名的,聲譽卓著的
參考例句:
  • He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格蘭最負盛名的年輕畫家之一。
  • The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.觀眾團團圍住了這位著名的小提琴演奏家。
20 caressed de08c4fb4b79b775b2f897e6e8db9aad     
愛撫或撫摸…( caress的過去式和過去分詞 )
參考例句:
  • His fingers caressed the back of her neck. 他的手指撫摩著她的后頸。
  • He caressed his wife lovingly. 他憐愛萬分地撫摸著妻子。
21 hatred T5Gyg     
n.憎惡,憎恨,仇恨
參考例句:
  • He looked at me with hatred in his eyes.他以憎恨的眼光望著我。
  • The old man was seized with burning hatred for the fascists.老人對法西斯主義者充滿了仇恨。
22 hideous 65KyC     
adj.丑陋的,可憎的,可怕的,恐怖的
參考例句:
  • The whole experience had been like some hideous nightmare.整個經歷就像一場可怕的噩夢。
  • They're not like dogs,they're hideous brutes.它們不像狗,是丑陋的畜牲。
23 suffocated 864b9e5da183fff7aea4cfeaf29d3a2e     
(使某人)窒息而死( suffocate的過去式和過去分詞 ); (將某人)悶死; 讓人感覺悶熱; 憋氣
參考例句:
  • Many dogs have suffocated in hot cars. 許多狗在熱烘烘的汽車里給悶死了。
  • I nearly suffocated when the pipe of my breathing apparatus came adrift. 呼吸器上的管子脫落時,我差點給憋死。
24 drawn MuXzIi     
v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.憔悴的,緊張的
參考例句:
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的風景所吸引。
25 spoke XryyC     
n.(車輪的)輻條;輪輻;破壞某人的計劃;阻撓某人的行動 v.講,談(speak的過去式);說;演說;從某種觀點來說
參考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他們的輪輻螺帽是從我們公司獲得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.輻條是輪子上連接外圈與中心的條棒。
26 rosy kDAy9     
adj.美好的,樂觀的,玫瑰色的
參考例句:
  • She got a new job and her life looks rosy.她找到一份新工作,生活看上去很美好。
  • She always takes a rosy view of life.她總是對生活持樂觀態度。
27 condemned condemned     
adj. 被責難的, 被宣告有罪的 動詞condemn的過去式和過去分詞
參考例句:
  • He condemned the hypocrisy of those politicians who do one thing and say another. 他譴責了那些說一套做一套的政客的虛偽。
  • The policy has been condemned as a regressive step. 這項政策被認為是一種倒退而受到譴責。
28 essentially nntxw     
adv.本質上,實質上,基本上
參考例句:
  • Really great men are essentially modest.真正的偉人大都很謙虛。
  • She is an essentially selfish person.她本質上是個自私自利的人。
29 unity 4kQwT     
n.團結,聯合,統一;和睦,協調
參考例句:
  • When we speak of unity,we do not mean unprincipled peace.所謂團結,并非一團和氣。
  • We must strengthen our unity in the face of powerful enemies.大敵當前,我們必須加強團結。
30 protagonist mBVyN     
n.(思想觀念的)倡導者;主角,主人公
參考例句:
  • The protagonist reforms in the end and avoids his proper punishment.戲劇主角最后改過自新并避免了他應受的懲罰。
  • He is the model for the protagonist in the play.劇本中的主人公就是以他為模特兒創作的!
31 enchantment dmryQ     
n.迷惑,妖術,魅力
參考例句:
  • The beauty of the scene filled us with enchantment.風景的秀麗令我們陶醉。
  • The countryside lay as under some dread enchantment.鄉村好像躺在某種可怖的魔法之下。
32 sibling TEszc     
n.同胞手足(指兄、弟、姐或妹)
參考例句:
  • Many of us hate living in the shadows of a more successful sibling.我們很多人都討厭活在更為成功的手足的陰影下。
  • Sibling ravalry has been common in this family.這個家里,兄弟姊妹之間的矛盾很平常。
33 malicious e8UzX     
adj.有惡意的,心懷惡意的
參考例句:
  • You ought to kick back at such malicious slander. 你應當反擊這種惡毒的污蔑。
  • Their talk was slightly malicious.他們的談話有點兒心懷不軌。
34 siblings 709961e45d6808c7c9131573b3a8874b     
n.兄弟,姐妹( sibling的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • A triplet sleeps amongst its two siblings. 一個三胞胎睡在其兩個同胞之間。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • She has no way of tracking the donor or her half-siblings down. 她沒辦法找到那個捐精者或她的兄弟姐妹。 來自時文部分
35 gender slSyD     
n.(生理上的)性,(名詞、代詞等的)性
參考例句:
  • French differs from English in having gender for all nouns.法語不同于英語,所有的名詞都有性。
  • Women are sometimes denied opportunities solely because of their gender.婦女有時僅僅因為性別而無法獲得種種機會。
36 alienated Ozyz55     
adj.感到孤獨的,不合群的v.使疏遠( alienate的過去式和過去分詞 );使不友好;轉讓;讓渡(財產等)
參考例句:
  • His comments have alienated a lot of young voters. 他的言論使許多年輕選民離他而去。
  • The Prime Minister's policy alienated many of her followers. 首相的政策使很多擁護她的人疏遠了她。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
37 jealousy WaRz6     
n.妒忌,嫉妒,猜忌
參考例句:
  • Some women have a disposition to jealousy.有些女人生性愛妒忌。
  • I can't support your jealousy any longer.我再也無法忍受你的嫉妒了。
38 psychology U0Wze     
n.心理,心理學,心理狀態
參考例句:
  • She has a background in child psychology.她受過兒童心理學的教育。
  • He studied philosophy and psychology at Cambridge.他在劍橋大學學習哲學和心理學。
39 variant GfuzRt     
adj.不同的,變異的;n.變體,異體
參考例句:
  • We give professional suggestions according to variant tanning stages for each customer.我們針對每位顧客不同的日曬階段,提供強度適合的曬黑建議。
  • In a variant of this approach,the tests are data- driven.這個方法的一個變種,是數據驅動的測試。
40 orphans edf841312acedba480123c467e505b2a     
孤兒( orphan的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • The poor orphans were kept on short commons. 貧苦的孤兒們吃不飽飯。
  • Their uncle was declared guardian to the orphans. 這些孤兒的叔父成為他們的監護人。
41 fend N78yA     
v.照料(自己),(自己)謀生,擋開,避開
參考例句:
  • I've had to fend for myself since I was 14.我從十四歲時起就不得不照料自己。
  • He raised his arm up to fend branches from his eyes.他舉手將樹枝從他眼前擋開。
42 uncommon AlPwO     
adj.罕見的,非凡的,不平常的
參考例句:
  • Such attitudes were not at all uncommon thirty years ago.這些看法在30年前很常見。
  • Phil has uncommon intelligence.菲爾智力超群。
43 inevitably x7axc     
adv.不可避免地;必然發生地
參考例句:
  • In the way you go on,you are inevitably coming apart.照你們這樣下去,毫無疑問是會散伙的。
  • Technological changes will inevitably lead to unemployment.技術變革必然會導致失業。
44 benevolent Wtfzx     
adj.仁慈的,樂善好施的
參考例句:
  • His benevolent nature prevented him from refusing any beggar who accosted him.他樂善好施的本性使他不會拒絕走上前向他行乞的任何一個乞丐。
  • He was a benevolent old man and he wouldn't hurt a fly.他是一個仁慈的老人,連只蒼蠅都不愿傷害。
45 stark lGszd     
adj.荒涼的;嚴酷的;完全的;adv.完全地
參考例句:
  • The young man is faced with a stark choice.這位年輕人面臨嚴峻的抉擇。
  • He gave a stark denial to the rumor.他對謠言加以完全的否認。
46 terrain sgeyk     
n.地面,地形,地圖
參考例句:
  • He had made a detailed study of the terrain.他對地形作了縝密的研究。
  • He knows the terrain of this locality like the back of his hand.他對這一帶的地形了如指掌。
47 riddled f3814f0c535c32684c8d1f1e36ca329a     
adj.布滿的;充斥的;泛濫的v.解謎,出謎題(riddle的過去分詞形式)
參考例句:
  • The beams are riddled with woodworm. 這些木梁被蛀蟲蛀得都是洞。
  • The bodies of the hostages were found riddled with bullets. 在人質的尸體上發現了很多彈孔。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
48 foliage QgnzK     
n.葉子,樹葉,簇葉
參考例句:
  • The path was completely covered by the dense foliage.小路被樹葉厚厚地蓋了一層。
  • Dark foliage clothes the hills.濃密的樹葉覆蓋著群山。
49 symbolize YrvwU     
vt.作為...的象征,用符號代表
參考例句:
  • Easter eggs symbolize the renewal of life.復活蛋象征新生。
  • Dolphins symbolize the breath of life.海豚象征著生命的氣息。
50 symbolizes 8a0610984df5bcb77bc12be9119bcd7d     
v.象征,作為…的象征( symbolize的第三人稱單數 )
參考例句:
  • The use of light and dark symbolizes good and evil. 用光明與黑暗來象征善與惡。
  • She likes olive because It'symbolizes peace. 她喜歡橄欖色因為它象征著和平。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
51 villain ZL1zA     
n.反派演員,反面人物;惡棍;問題的起因
參考例句:
  • He was cast as the villain in the play.他在戲里扮演反面角色。
  • The man who played the villain acted very well.扮演惡棍的那個男演員演得很好。
52 villains ffdac080b5dbc5c53d28520b93dbf399     
n.惡棍( villain的名詞復數 );罪犯;(小說、戲劇等中的)反面人物;淘氣鬼
參考例句:
  • The impression of villains was inescapable. 留下惡棍的印象是不可避免的。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • Some villains robbed the widow of the savings. 有幾個歹徒將寡婦的積蓄劫走了。 來自《現代英漢綜合大詞典》
53 blatantly rxkztU     
ad.公開地
參考例句:
  • Safety guidelines had been blatantly ignored. 安全規章被公然置之不顧。
  • They walked grandly through the lobby, blatantly arm in arm, pretending they were not defeated. 他們大大方方地穿過門廳,故意炫耀地挎著胳膊,假裝他們沒有被打敗。
54 persecutes d834cbc660d3d13133dd7c039a2b5b65     
(尤指宗教或政治信仰的)迫害(~sb. for sth.)( persecute的第三人稱單數 ); 煩擾,困擾或騷擾某人
參考例句:
55 differentiation wuozfs     
n.區別,區分
參考例句:
  • There can be no differentiation without contrast. 有比較才有差別。
  • The operation that is the inverse of differentiation is called integration. 與微分相反的運算叫做積分。
56 variants 796e0e5ff8114b13b2e23cde9d3c6904     
n.變體( variant的名詞復數 );變種;變型;(詞等的)變體
參考例句:
  • Those variants will be preserved in the'struggle for existence". 這些變異將在“生存競爭”中被保留下來。 來自辭典例句
  • Like organisms, viruses have variants, generally called strains. 與其他生物一樣,病毒也有變種,一般稱之為株系。 來自辭典例句
57 ego 7jtzw     
n.自我,自己,自尊
參考例句:
  • He is absolute ego in all thing.在所有的事情上他都絕對自我。
  • She has been on an ego trip since she sang on television.她上電視臺唱過歌之后就一直自吹自擂。
58 analysts 167ff30c5034ca70abe2d60a6e760448     
分析家,化驗員( analyst的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • City analysts forecast huge profits this year. 倫敦金融分析家預測今年的利潤非常豐厚。
  • I was impressed by the high calibre of the researchers and analysts. 研究人員和分析人員的高素質給我留下了深刻印象。
59 maturity 47nzh     
n.成熟;完成;(支票、債券等)到期
參考例句:
  • These plants ought to reach maturity after five years.這些植物五年后就該長成了。
  • This is the period at which the body attains maturity.這是身體發育成熟的時期。
60 transformation SnFwO     
n.變化;改造;轉變
參考例句:
  • Going to college brought about a dramatic transformation in her outlook.上大學使她的觀念發生了巨大的變化。
  • He was struggling to make the transformation from single man to responsible husband.他正在努力使自己由單身漢變為可靠的丈夫。
61 wrath nVNzv     
n.憤怒,憤慨,暴怒
參考例句:
  • His silence marked his wrath. 他的沉默表明了他的憤怒。
  • The wrath of the people is now aroused. 人們被激怒了。
62 brutality MSbyb     
n.野蠻的行為,殘忍,野蠻
參考例句:
  • The brutality of the crime has appalled the public. 罪行之殘暴使公眾大為震驚。
  • a general who was infamous for his brutality 因殘忍而惡名昭彰的將軍
63 rapacity 0TKx9     
n.貪婪,貪心,劫掠的欲望
參考例句:
  • Here was neither guile nor rapacity. 在她身上沒有狡詐和貪婪。 來自英漢文學 - 嘉莉妹妹
  • During the whole process of construction, the operational safty and rapacity of track must be guaranteed. 改建施工期內不影響正線運營安全,也不降低通過能力。 來自互聯網
64 hypocrisy g4qyt     
n.偽善,虛偽
參考例句:
  • He railed against hypocrisy and greed.他痛斥偽善和貪婪的行為。
  • He accused newspapers of hypocrisy in their treatment of the story.他指責了報紙在報道該新聞時的虛偽。
65 lust N8rz1     
n.性(淫)欲;渴(欲)望;vi.對…有強烈的欲望
參考例句:
  • He was filled with lust for power.他內心充滿了對權力的渴望。
  • Sensing the explorer's lust for gold, the chief wisely presented gold ornaments as gifts.酋長覺察出探險者們垂涎黃金的欲念,就聰明地把金飾品作為禮物贈送給他們。
66 corruption TzCxn     
n.腐敗,墮落,貪污
參考例句:
  • The people asked the government to hit out against corruption and theft.人民要求政府嚴懲貪污盜竊。
  • The old man reviled against corruption.那老人痛斥了貪污舞弊。
67 avarice KeHyX     
n.貪婪;貪心
參考例句:
  • Avarice is the bane to happiness.貪婪是損毀幸福的禍根。
  • Their avarice knows no bounds and you can never satisfy them.他們貪得無厭,你永遠無法滿足他們。
68 lesser UpxzJL     
adj.次要的,較小的;adv.較小地,較少地
參考例句:
  • Kept some of the lesser players out.不讓那些次要的球員參加聯賽。
  • She has also been affected,but to a lesser degree.她也受到波及,但程度較輕。
69 hood ddwzJ     
n.頭巾,兜帽,覆蓋;v.罩上,以頭巾覆蓋
參考例句:
  • She is wearing a red cloak with a hood.她穿著一件紅色帶兜帽的披風。
  • The car hood was dented in.汽車的發動機罩已凹了進去。
70 predator 11vza     
n.捕食其它動物的動物;捕食者
參考例句:
  • The final part of this chapter was devoted to a brief summary of predator species.本章最后部分簡要總結了食肉動物。
  • Komodo dragon is the largest living lizard and a fearsome predator.科摩多龍是目前存在的最大蜥蜴,它是一種令人恐懼的捕食性動物。
71 metaphor o78zD     
n.隱喻,暗喻
參考例句:
  • Using metaphor,we say that computers have senses and a memory.打個比方,我們可以說計算機有感覺和記憶力。
  • In poetry the rose is often a metaphor for love.玫瑰在詩中通常作為愛的象征。
72 suspense 9rJw3     
n.(對可能發生的事)緊張感,擔心,掛慮
參考例句:
  • The suspense was unbearable.這樣提心吊膽的狀況實在叫人受不了。
  • The director used ingenious devices to keep the audience in suspense.導演用巧妙手法引起觀眾的懸念。
73 Christians 28e6e30f94480962cc721493f76ca6c6     
n.基督教徒( Christian的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • Christians of all denominations attended the conference. 基督教所有教派的人都出席了這次會議。
  • His novel about Jesus caused a furore among Christians. 他關于耶穌的小說激起了基督教徒的公憤。
74 Buddhists 5f3c74ef01ae0fe3724e91f586462b77     
n.佛教徒( Buddhist的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • The Jesuits in a phase of ascendancy, persecuted and insulted the Buddhists with great acrimony. 處于地位上升階段的耶穌會修士迫害佛教徒,用尖刻的語言辱罵他們。 來自英漢非文學 - 歷史
  • The return of Saivite rule to central Java had brought no antagonism between Buddhists and Hindus. 濕婆教在中爪哇恢復統治后,并沒有導致佛教徒與印度教徒之間的對立。 來自辭典例句
75 erect 4iLzm     
n./v.樹立,建立,使豎立;adj.直立的,垂直的
參考例句:
  • She held her head erect and her back straight.她昂著頭,把背挺得筆直。
  • Soldiers are trained to stand erect.士兵們訓練站得筆直。
76 cylindrical CnMza     
adj.圓筒形的
參考例句:
  • huge cylindrical gas tanks 巨大的圓柱形貯氣罐
  • Beer cans are cylindrical. 啤酒罐子是圓筒形的。
77 graceful deHza     
adj.優美的,優雅的;得體的
參考例句:
  • His movements on the parallel bars were very graceful.他的雙杠動作可帥了!
  • The ballet dancer is so graceful.芭蕾舞演員的姿態是如此的優美。
78 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比較...地,相對地
參考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相對較新引入澳大利亞的物種。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手術相對來說不痛。
79 benign 2t2zw     
adj.善良的,慈祥的;良性的,無危險的
參考例句:
  • The benign weather brought North America a bumper crop.溫和的氣候給北美帶來大豐收。
  • Martha is a benign old lady.瑪莎是個仁慈的老婦人。
80 calf ecLye     
n.小牛,犢,幼仔,小牛皮
參考例句:
  • The cow slinked its calf.那頭母牛早產了一頭小牛犢。
  • The calf blared for its mother.牛犢哞哞地高聲叫喊找媽媽。
81 obedience 8vryb     
n.服從,順從
參考例句:
  • Society has a right to expect obedience of the law.社會有權要求人人遵守法律。
  • Soldiers act in obedience to the orders of their superior officers.士兵們遵照上級軍官的命令行動。
82 immaturity 779396dd776272b5ff34c0218a6c4aba     
n.不成熟;未充分成長;未成熟;粗糙
參考例句:
  • It traces the development of a young man from immaturity to maturity. 它描寫一位青年從不成熟到成熟的發展過程。 來自辭典例句
  • Immaturity is the inability to use one's understanding without guidance from another. 不成熟就是不經他人的指引就無法運用自身的理解力。 來自互聯網
83 jack 53Hxp     
n.插座,千斤頂,男人;v.抬起,提醒,扛舉;n.(Jake)杰克
參考例句:
  • I am looking for the headphone jack.我正在找尋頭戴式耳機插孔。
  • He lifted the car with a jack to change the flat tyre.他用千斤頂把車頂起來換下癟輪胎。
84 fidelity vk3xB     
n.忠誠,忠實;精確
參考例句:
  • There is nothing like a dog's fidelity.沒有什么能比得上狗的忠誠。
  • His fidelity and industry brought him speedy promotion.他的盡職及勤奮使他很快地得到晉升。
85 literally 28Wzv     
adv.照字面意義,逐字地;確實
參考例句:
  • He translated the passage literally.他逐字逐句地翻譯這段文字。
  • Sometimes she would not sit down till she was literally faint.有時候,她不走到真正要昏厥了,決不肯坐下來。
86 dwarfs a9ddd2c1a88a74fc7bd6a9a0d16c2817     
n.侏儒,矮子(dwarf的復數形式)vt.(使)顯得矮小(dwarf的第三人稱單數形式)
參考例句:
  • Shakespeare dwarfs other dramatists. 莎士比亞使其他劇作家相形見絀。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • The new building dwarfs all the other buildings in the town. 新大樓使城里所有其他建筑物都顯得矮小了。 來自辭典例句
87 quaint 7tqy2     
adj.古雅的,離奇有趣的,奇怪的
參考例句:
  • There were many small lanes in the quaint village.在這古香古色的村莊里,有很多小巷。
  • They still keep some quaint old customs.他們仍然保留著一些稀奇古怪的舊風俗。
88 portrayed a75f5b1487928c9f7f165b2773c13036     
v.畫像( portray的過去式和過去分詞 );描述;描繪;描畫
參考例句:
  • Throughout the trial, he portrayed himself as the victim. 在審訊過程中,他始終把自己說成是受害者。
  • The author portrayed his father as a vicious drunkard. 作者把他父親描繪成一個可惡的酒鬼。 來自《現代漢英綜合大詞典》
89 enchanted enchanted     
adj. 被施魔法的,陶醉的,入迷的 動詞enchant的過去式和過去分詞
參考例句:
  • She was enchanted by the flowers you sent her. 她非常喜歡你送給她的花。
  • He was enchanted by the idea. 他為這個主意而欣喜若狂。
90 royalty iX6xN     
n.皇家,皇族
參考例句:
  • She claims to be descended from royalty.她聲稱她是皇室后裔。
  • I waited on tables,and even catered to royalty at the Royal Albert Hall.我做過服務生, 甚至在皇家阿伯特大廳侍奉過皇室的人。
91 trophies e5e690ffd5b76ced5606f229288652f6     
n.(為競賽獲勝者頒發的)獎品( trophy的名詞復數 );獎杯;(尤指狩獵或戰爭中獲得的)紀念品;(用于比賽或賽跑名稱)獎
參考例句:
  • His football trophies were prominently displayed in the kitchen. 他的足球獎杯陳列在廚房里顯眼的位置。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • The hunter kept the lion's skin and head as trophies. 這獵人保存獅子的皮和頭作為紀念品。 來自《現代英漢綜合大詞典》
92 ordeal B4Pzs     
n.苦難經歷,(尤指對品格、耐力的)嚴峻考驗
參考例句:
  • She managed to keep her sanity throughout the ordeal.在那場磨難中她始終保持神志正常。
  • Being lost in the wilderness for a week was an ordeal for me.在荒野里迷路一星期對我來說真是一場磨難。
93 initiation oqSzAI     
n.開始
參考例句:
  • her initiation into the world of marketing 她的初次涉足營銷界
  • It was my initiation into the world of high fashion. 這是我初次涉足高級時裝界。
94 interpretation P5jxQ     
n.解釋,說明,描述;藝術處理
參考例句:
  • His statement admits of one interpretation only.他的話只有一種解釋。
  • Analysis and interpretation is a very personal thing.分析與說明是個很主觀的事情。
95 flirting 59b9eafa5141c6045fb029234a60fdae     
v.調情,打情罵俏( flirt的現在分詞 )
參考例句:
  • Don't take her too seriously; she's only flirting with you. 別把她太當真,她只不過是在和你調情罷了。 來自《現代漢英綜合大詞典》
  • 'she's always flirting with that new fellow Tseng!" “她還同新來廠里那個姓曾的吊膀子! 來自子夜部分
96 prey g1czH     
n.被掠食者,犧牲者,掠食;v.捕食,掠奪,折磨
參考例句:
  • Stronger animals prey on weaker ones.弱肉強食。
  • The lion was hunting for its prey.獅子在尋找獵物。
97 worthiness 1c20032c69eae95442cbe437ebb128f8     
價值,值得
參考例句:
  • It'satisfies the spraying robot's function requirement and has practical worthiness. " 運行試驗表明,系統工作穩定可靠,滿足了噴霧機器人的功能要求,具有實用價值。
  • The judge will evaluate the worthiness of these claims. 法官會評估這些索賠的價值。
98 folklore G6myz     
n.民間信仰,民間傳說,民俗
參考例句:
  • Zhuge Liang is a synonym for wisdom in folklore.諸葛亮在民間傳說中成了智慧的代名詞。
  • In Chinese folklore the bat is an emblem of good fortune.在中國的民間傳說中蝙蝠是好運的象征。
99 spouse Ah6yK     
n.配偶(指夫或妻)
參考例句:
  • Her spouse will come to see her on Sunday.她的丈夫星期天要來看她。
  • What is the best way to keep your spouse happy in the marriage?在婚姻中保持配偶幸福的最好方法是什么?
100 mere rC1xE     
adj.純粹的;僅僅,只不過
參考例句:
  • That is a mere repetition of what you said before.那不過是重復了你以前講的話。
  • It's a mere waste of time waiting any longer.再等下去純粹是浪費時間。
101 stereotype rupwE     
n.固定的形象,陳規,老套,舊框框
參考例句:
  • He's my stereotype of a schoolteacher.他是我心目中的典型教師。
  • There's always been a stereotype about successful businessmen.人們對于成功商人一直都有一種固定印象。
102 averts a218737f35494965cdfad1f8028e5174     
防止,避免( avert的第三人稱單數 ); 轉移
參考例句:
  • Cautious speech averts eavesdropping. Cautious behavior arrests gossip. 若欲杜人之口,莫若自己謹言;若欲塞人之耳,莫若自己慎行。
  • A gift in secret averts anger; and a concealed bribe in the bosom, strong wrath. 暗中送的禮物,挽回怒氣;懷中搋的賄賂,止息暴怒。
103 progeny ZB5yF     
n.后代,子孫;結果
參考例句:
  • His numerous progeny are scattered all over the country.他為數眾多的后代散布在全國各地。
  • He was surrounded by his numerous progeny.眾多的子孫簇擁著他。
104 strife NrdyZ     
n.爭吵,沖突,傾軋,競爭
參考例句:
  • We do not intend to be drawn into the internal strife.我們不想卷入內亂之中。
  • Money is a major cause of strife in many marriages.金錢是造成很多婚姻不和的一個主要原因。
105 suffocation b834eadeaf680f6ffcb13068245a1fed     
n.窒息
參考例句:
  • The greatest dangers of pyroclastic avalanches are probably heat and suffocation. 火成碎屑崩落的最大危害可能是熾熱和窒息作用。 來自辭典例句
  • The room was hot to suffocation. 房間熱得悶人。 來自辭典例句
106 annotated c2a54daf2659390553c9665593260606     
v.注解,注釋( annotate的過去式和過去分詞 )
參考例句:
  • Thematic maps should always be annotated with the source and date of the topical information. 各類專題地圖,均應注明專題資料來源和日期。 來自辭典例句
  • And this is the version annotated by Umberto de Bologna. 并且這是有安博多-德-波羅格那注釋的版本。 來自電影對白
107 dominant usAxG     
adj.支配的,統治的;占優勢的;顯性的;n.主因,要素,主要的人(或物);顯性基因
參考例句:
  • The British were formerly dominant in India.英國人從前統治印度。
  • She was a dominant figure in the French film industry.她在法國電影界是個舉足輕重的人物。
108 usurper usurper     
n. 篡奪者, 僭取者
參考例句:
  • The usurper wrested the power from the king. 篡位者從國王手里奪取了權力。
  • The usurper took power by force. 篡奪者武裝奪取了權力。
109 prospering b1bc062044f12a5281fbe25a1132df04     
成功,興旺( prosper的現在分詞 )
參考例句:
  • Our country is thriving and prospering day by day. 祖國日益繁榮昌盛。
  • His business is prospering. 他生意興隆。
110 apparitions 3dc5187f53445bc628519dfb8474d1d7     
n.特異景象( apparition的名詞復數 );幽靈;鬼;(特異景象等的)出現
參考例句:
  • And this year occurs the 90th anniversary of these apparitions. 今年是她顯現的九十周年紀念。 來自互聯網
  • True love is like ghostly apparitions: everybody talks about them but few have ever seen one. 真愛就如同幽靈顯現:所有人都談論它們,但很少有人見到過一個。 來自互聯網
111 nurture K5sz3     
n.養育,照顧,教育;滋養,營養品;vt.養育,給與營養物,教養,扶持
參考例句:
  • The tree grows well in his nurture.在他的培育下這棵樹長得很好。
  • The two sisters had received very different nurture.這倆個姊妹接受過極不同的教育。
112 fulfill Qhbxg     
vt.履行,實現,完成;滿足,使滿意
參考例句:
  • If you make a promise you should fulfill it.如果你許諾了,你就要履行你的諾言。
  • This company should be able to fulfill our requirements.這家公司應該能夠滿足我們的要求。
113 sentry TDPzV     
n.哨兵,警衛
參考例句:
  • They often stood sentry on snowy nights.他們常常在雪夜放哨。
  • The sentry challenged anyone approaching the tent.哨兵查問任一接近帳篷的人。
114 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.顯然地;表面上,似乎
參考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山窮水盡,豁然開朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他對那個消息顯然感到十分驚異。
115 innate xbxzC     
adj.天生的,固有的,天賦的
參考例句:
  • You obviously have an innate talent for music.你顯然有天生的音樂才能。
  • Correct ideas are not innate in the mind.人的正確思想不是自己頭腦中固有的。
116 witchcraft pe7zD7     
n.魔法,巫術
參考例句:
  • The woman practising witchcraft claimed that she could conjure up the spirits of the dead.那個女巫說她能用魔法召喚亡靈。
  • All these things that you call witchcraft are capable of a natural explanation.被你們統統叫做巫術的那些東西都可以得到合情合理的解釋。
117 symbolic ErgwS     
adj.象征性的,符號的,象征主義的
參考例句:
  • It is symbolic of the fighting spirit of modern womanhood.它象征著現代婦女的戰斗精神。
  • The Christian ceremony of baptism is a symbolic act.基督教的洗禮儀式是一種象征性的做法。
118 demise Cmazg     
n.死亡;v.讓渡,遺贈,轉讓
參考例句:
  • He praised the union's aims but predicted its early demise.他贊揚協會的目標,但預期這一協會很快會消亡。
  • The war brought about the industry's sudden demise.戰爭道致這個行業就這么突然垮了。
119 deactivated 7c04d50ec1496027d0ed6fd0d6f00a85     
v.解除動員( deactivate的過去式和過去分詞 );使無效;復員;使不活動
參考例句:
  • \"The brain can be deactivated. It can be yours to command.\" “大腦計算機可以被停止。如果你下達命令的話。” 來自互聯網
  • He successfully deactivated a nuclear reactor in a laboratory before meltdown. 他成功停用一個核反應堆在實驗室之前崩潰。 來自互聯網
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